Angelika Kauffmann

Angelika Kauffmann -

Even at the tender age of six she was considered to be an artistic child prodigy: Angelika Kauffmann, born in Chur, spent much of her later life in Italy. The ALLEGRA mainline railcar number 3105 bears her name.

Angelika Kauffmann opened her eyes to the world in Chur in 1741 where her father – the portrait and fresco painter Joseph Johann Kauffmann – was working at the Bishop's palace. She was obviously born with artistic talent because even as a six year old she was already being acclaimed a prodigy. As there was no regular schooling for girls at that time, it was her father who taught her to read and write whilst her mother gave her lessons in German, Italian, English and French. When she was eleven years old, the family moved to Lake Como where her father and various teachers gave young Angelika tuition in painting and music. Not long after, as a twelve year old, Angelika Kauffmann painted her first self-portrait in 1753. Following the death of her mother in 1757, Angelika and her father undertook business trips throughout Europe: to Austria, back to Graubünden and then to Milan, Florence, Naples and London. In 1764 she immediately became famous for her portrait of Johann Joachim Winckelmann, the founder of modern cultural studies and classical archaeology. Following the death of her father, Angelika Kauffmann moved to Rome together with her husband, the Venetian artist Antonio Zucchi, who was fifteen years her senior. Her house and studio became the meeting place for classical artists and the European high aristocracy. Among Kauffmann's most famous clients were the British Queen Charlotte, Emperor Joseph II of Austria and Pope Pius VI. Angelika Kauffmann died in 1807 at the age of 66 after a long and serious illness from which she never really recovered.