1914 - 2014
100 years of pure wilderness
Bearded vultures were first rereleased in the Swiss Alps in 1991 in the Swiss National Park in Engadin. Together with the nearby Stelvio National Park, it is generally considered to be an El Dorado for bearded vultures. This makes Switzerland an important centre for resettling bearded vultures. However, the National Park is not only home to the bearded vulture but to lots of other animals, too: red deer, ibexes, adders, golden eagles and brown bears have adopted it as their natural habitat.
Pioneers in conservation
The founding of the first National Park in Central Europe 100 years ago can certainly be classed as pioneering. The project was masterminded by members of the Swiss Society for Nature Research, including Fritz and Paul Sarasin, Carl Schröter as well as Steivan Brunies from the Engadin. They were concerned about the progressive exploitation of the mountain world and increasing industrialisation at the start of the 20th century and founded the Swiss Society for the Protection of Nature to counteract this development. It was their goal to stop a piece of original mountain landscape from being used by man and to preserve it forever. They also wanted to scientifically document the natural development of the nature reserve. And this was how the first Alpine National Park was founded on 1 August 1914. The Swiss National Park will be celebrating its 100th birthday with a whole range of events and anniversary celebrations on 1 August 2014.